If you’re looking for a herbicide that not only controls weeds and unwanted vegetation but also provides long-term prevention, then you should try RM43.
This herbicide is unique because of its ability to prevent weeds, and it’s awesome because it gives you a long break from dealing with them.
In this article, I’ll get straight to the point on how this herbicide works and everything you need to know to quickly get started.
- What is RM43 Herbicide?
- RM43 Herbicide Active Ingredient
- How does RM43 herbicide work?
- When to apply RM 43 herbicide
- How to mix RM43 Herbicide
- Reasons why may RM43 can fail
- List with Weeds Controlled by RM43 Herbicide
- Where to buy RM43 Herbicide
What is RM43 Herbicide?
It can effectively control and prevent a wide variety of weeds. Also, as a total herbicide, it provides long-lasting control over weeds for up to one year.
RM43 Herbicide Active Ingredient
RM43 herbicide has two active ingredients in its composition:
- The first active ingredient is called glyphosate (43.68%). Glyphosate is a systemic non-selective herbicide.
- The second active ingredient is imazapyr (0.78%). Imazapyr is a systemic non-selective herbicide.
How does RM43 herbicide work?
RM43 herbicide works by targeting both the foliage and roots of weeds. The weed absorbed the herbicide. Once inside the plant, the herbicide takes over the weed system.
To put it simply, it kills the weeds in a systemic way from the inside out. This is because the herbicide contains two systemic herbicides: glyphosate and imazapyr.
Both of these herbicides inhibit the same amino acids that are vital for weed growth, leading to the plant’s death.
When to apply RM 43 herbicide
RM43 herbicide can be applied during the summer or at the end of spring. It is effective as both a pre- and post-emergent weed killer, meaning it can be used on germinated weed seeds as well as fully grown weeds.
What else to keep in mind about the period of applying this herbicide:
- You can apply the herbicide to germinated weed seeds before the weeds become visible when the area is still bare-ground.
- You can apply RM43 herbicide on fully-grown weeds, but for best results, I suggest you mow them down if they are taller than 6 inches.
- After removing the debris, wait for another two weeks to allow the weeds to regrow before spraying them with the herbicide.
- In the case of woody vines and brushes, you should spray them in late summer.
How to apply RM43 Herbicide
Proper preparation is crucial when applying RM43 herbicide. It is vital to mix the herbicide in a controlled environment, using appropriate equipment and following all safety guidelines and precautions.
Here are the steps to apply the RM43 herbicide:
- The first step is to check the weather conditions. It is recommended to apply RM43 herbicide when temperatures are above 60°F and wind speed is below 10 mph. One advantage of this herbicide is that you don’t have to worry about rain. It is a non-selective pre- and post-emergent herbicide that is rain-resistant within one hour of application.
- Ensure that you are fully equipped with the appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE). Your PPE must be clean and should include protective eyewear such as goggles, a face shield, or safety glasses, a long-sleeved shirt, long pants, socks, shoes, and chemical-resistant gloves.
- After you’re fully prepared, you have to make sure to use only materials that are resistant to the product.
These materials include barrier laminate, butyl rubber with a thickness of at least 14 mils, nitrile rubber with a thickness of at least 14 mils, neoprene rubber with a thickness of at least 14 mils, natural rubber with a thickness of at least 14 mils, polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride with a thickness of at least 14 mils, and Viton with a thickness of at least 14 mils.
- The next step is to prepare the right herbicide applicator. You can use a backpack sprayer, pump-up sprayer, sprinkling can, an ATV, or tractor-mounted sprayer.
Now, two application methods can be used for this herbicide, and I will explain how to apply them separately.
1. Total Vegetation Control or bare-ground
This method should be used when you want to control all vegetation in an area, leaving it bare and free of any growth, including both targeted and non-targeted weeds.
- Once you have prepared your applicator, you need to mix 7.4 fl. oz (0.46 pints) of RM43 herbicide with water. This amount of herbicide can be used to make 1 to 10 gallons of solution, which can cover up to 1,000 square feet.
* The maximum application rate that you can use is 2.5 gallons per acre per year, which is 7.4 fl. oz. per 1,000 square feet per year.
- Agitate the solution by shaking or stirring the tank to ensure the herbicide is mixed evenly with the water.
- Spray the entire area where you want to obtain total vegetation control.
- When you finish spraying, clean the spraying equipment immediately after use, and wash all PPE thoroughly with soap and water.
- Wait at least one hour after application before any rainfall or irrigation.
2. Spot Control of Brush, vines, and weeds
- For spot control of brush, vines, and weeds you need to mix 6 fl. oz. herbicide per 1 gallon of solution.
- Stir or shake to ensure that the herbicide is evenly mixed with the water.
- Use the applicator and spray the solution uniformly on woody plants.
- Make sure to clean the spraying equipment and wash all PPE with soap and water.
- Wait at least one hour after application before any rainfall or irrigation.
In order for this method to work effectively, follow these tips:
- Always apply the herbicide when woody weeds, such as brush, vines, and weeds, are actively growing.
- Ideally, apply the herbicide in late summer or fall, as wood brush and vines are more easily controlled during this time of year.
- Do not spray the plants if they have recently been mowed or cut. Wait until full leaf formation.
- Avoid mowing the plants for at least 2 months after spraying them
Where not to apply the RM43 herbicide
RM43 herbicide should not be applied in some specific areas. Below you can find the restrictions on where you should not apply this herbicide. By following these restrictions, you can ensure that you will not harm the environment.
- Do not apply the herbicide to wanted plants.
- Do not apply it near lakes, ponds, streams, or any other water source.
- Do not apply it to the desired trees’ roots.
- Do not apply it on slopes in the landscape. The slopes can suffer movement and may harm other desirable plants located further down the slope.
- Do not use on desirable lawns or turf.
- Avoid applying RM43 herbicide on dry or light sandy soils, especially during periods of high wind speed. It’s recommended to settle the soil by watering it prior to application.
How to mix RM43 Herbicide
RM43 can be easily mixed with water for effective application, and its label provides clear instructions.
Let’s take a look at the RM43 mixing instructions:
- before starting to mix the herbicide, make sure you wear the right personal protective equipment.
- now, fill your sprayer tank with clean water to the desired level.
- shake the herbicide container well before opening it.
- measure out the required amount of RM43 herbicide as per the mixing instructions.
But what about the RM43 mix ratios?In general, the recommended mix rate for RM43 is 7.4 fl. oz. of herbicide per 1 to 10 gallons of water.
The exception is when spot-applying to woody weeds such as brush, vines, and trees. For these, the recommended rate is 6 fl. oz. per gallon of water.
- after adding the herbicide, take the time to agitate the solution by shaking it thoroughly. This will ensure that the herbicide is mixed evenly with the water.
These are all steps for the right mixing of the RM43 herbicide. Now, you are to apply it.
Can RM43 be mixed with other herbicides?
RM43 is a powerful total herbicide that contains two active ingredients, making it highly effective at eradicating various weeds.
So, can you mix RM43 with other herbicides? No, I suggest you not mix RM RM43 with other herbicides as it can result in powerful or unexpected chemical reactions.
Its label does not name any herbicides that would be safe to be mixed with it. Therefore, it’s best to use RM43 on its own to ensure optimal results and avoid any potential negative impacts on the environment.
But what about surfactants for herbicides? Should you add surfactant to RM43?
No, you should not add surfactant to RM43 because it already includes surfactant in its composition. Adding surfactants or any other additives may alter the composition and effectiveness of the herbicide.
Overall, I recommend you use RM43 as a standalone herbicide to ensure maximum efficacy and avoid any unexpected reactions.
Reasons why may RM43 can fail
Although RM43 herbicide is a reliable tool in weed management, it can sometimes fail to work for several reasons.
Below, I will list five reasons why RM43 may not work:
- The herbicide may not be applied correctly.
You should always use the correct rate. In addition, you should spray it at the right time as specified on the label. If you don’t follow the recommended rate or time, you may not see the results you want.
- The herbicide may not be mixed well with the water.
You have to shake and stir the solution. The herbicide must be fully mixed with the water. If it is not, then its effectiveness will be reduced.
- The herbicide may not have been stored correctly.
You want to make sure that the herbicide is stored in a cool, dark place away from direct sunlight. If it is not stored correctly, then it loses its properties. If it is not stored correctly, it may lose its effectiveness.
- You may not have followed the label’s instructions.
For example, if the weeds are taller than 6 inches, the label states that you have to mow them, remove the debris, and wait for two weeks before applying the herbicide. If you do not follow these instructions, the herbicide may not work effectively.
- Too much rain after herbicide application can cause issues.
While RM43 herbicide is rainfast within one hour of application, a heavy rainstorm shortly after application can wash the herbicide away.
Can you mix RM18 and RM43?
I know that I previously advised against mixing any herbicides with RM43. However, it is also important to understand why.
Now let’s understand why.
These two herbicides have different aims and are designed for different intentional purposes.
RM43 is a non-selective herbicide that eradicates everything it comes into contact with when sprayed. This is precisely why it’s important to be careful with it and follow label instructions.
On the other hand, RM18 is a selective herbicide that targets specific weeds without affecting desired plants.
Therefore, mixing these two herbicides may result in an ineffective or even harmful mixture.
How long does RM43 last in soil?
RM43 can last in the soil for up to 12 months, providing long-lasting control of weeds. However, the duration of its effectiveness depends on various factors, such as weather conditions, soil types, types of weeds, and the level of weed resistance.
Will RM43 kill trees?
Yes, RM43 will kill trees and any other desired plants and vegetation. If you want to ensure that your trees are safe, avoid spraying RM43 around them.
If you need to spray near them, build a protective barrier around the trees using plastic or other materials.
How long before RM43 is rainproof?
RM43 is rainproof within two hours after application.
How long does it take for RM43 to work?
It can take a few weeks for the RM43 herbicide to work. Keep in mind that it is a systemic herbicide, meaning that it must be absorbed by the plant and consumed by the plant’s system.
Therefore, it takes some time to see visible signs. It also depends on factors such as the type of weed, its size, and weather conditions. It can be that you see earlier signs of damage within a few on some weeds, while others may take a few weeks.
Is RM43 safe for pets?
RM43 is safe for pets, cattle, and other animals after it has completely dried up. This means that you can allow your pets and other animals to enter the sprayed area only after the herbicide has dried up completely.
However, it is important to note that animals should not consume any plants or grass that have been sprayed with RM43. Ingesting the herbicide can be toxic for pets and other animals.
So, if your pets like to eat grass, it’s important to keep them away from areas where RM43 has been applied.
Is RM43 the same as Roundup?
No, RM43 is not the same as Roundup. Although they are both non-selective herbicides, RM43 is much more powerful than Roundup.
RM43 contains two active ingredients and provides long-lasting weed control for up to a year, while Roundup only kills a variety of weeds without providing a long-lasting effect.
How long does it take RM43 to dry?
It takes two hours for RM43 to dry completely.
How to wash RM43 out of the soil?
To wash RM43 out of the soil, you can follow these steps:
- use a tool, such as a shovel, to remove any plants, weeds, or soil that has come into contact with the herbicide.
- use a hose to water the area thoroughly; this dilutes the herbicide.
- allow the area to soak for some time.
- continue to water the area repeatedly over the next week.
- if you want to ensure that the herbicide is completely removed from the soil just test the soil.
What is stronger than RM43?
Roundup Pro Max is stronger than RM43.
Although both herbicides contain glyphosate, Roundup Pro Max has a higher concentration of the active ingredient, making it stronger than RM43.
How soon can you plant after using RM43?
After using glyphosate RM43, planting should be delayed for a longer period of time compared to other glyphosate herbicides such as Ranger Pro. This is because RM43 contains an additional ingredient called imazapyr.
List with Weeds Controlled by RM43 Herbicide
Being classified as a total herbicide, RM43 herbicide can control a lot of types of weeds. That is why it is also known as a powerful solution for weed management.
RM43 herbicide can control weeds like kudzu, poison ivy, Johnsongrass, bahiagrass, bluegrass, bermudagrass, quackgrass, and many more which I will list below in Tables 1,2, and 3.
|Popular Name||Scientific Name|
|Muhly, wirestem||Muhlenbergia frondonsa|
|Napier grass||Pennisetum purpureum|
|Reed, giant||Arundo donax|
|Nutsedge; purple, yellow||Cyperus rotundus|
|Ryegrass, perennial||Lolium perenne|
|Bluegrass, Kentucky||Poa spp.|
|Fescue, tall||Festuca arundinacea|
|Pampas grass||Cortaderia spp.|
|Bromegrass, smooth||Bromus inermis|
|Canarygrass, reed||Phalaris arundinacea|
|Para grass||Brachiaria mutica|
|Wheatgrass, western||Agropyron smithii|
|Popular Name||Scientific Name|
|Poison hemlock||Conium maculatum|
|Ragweed, common||Ambrosia artemisiifolia|
|Anise (fennel)||Foeniculum vulgare|
|Fleabane, hairy||Conyza bonariensis|
|Ragweed, giant||Ambrosia trifida|
|Artichoke, Jerusalem||Helianthus tuberosus|
|Smartweed, Pennsylvania||Polygonum pensylvanicum|
|Bassia, fivehook||Bassia hyssopifolia|
|Smartweed, swamp||Polygonum coccineum|
|Bindweed, field||Convolvulus arvensis|
|Ice plant||Mesembryanthemum crystallinum|
|Sowthistle, annual||Sonchus oleraceus|
|Blueweed, Texas||Helianthus ciliaris|
|Spurge, leafy*||Euphorbia esula|
|Bracken fern||Pteridium aquilinum|
|Starthistle, yellow||Centaurea solstitalis|
|Bursage, woollyleaf||Franseria tomentosa|
|Clover, red||Trifolium pretense|
|Thistle, artichoke||Cynara cardunculus|
|Clover, white||Trifolium repens|
|Lettuce, prickly||Lactuca serriola|
|Thistle, Canada||Cirsium arvense|
|Thistle, Russian||Salsola kali|
|Dock, curly||Rumex crispus|
|Mullein, common||Verbascum thapsus|
|Dogbane, hemp||Apocynum cannabinum|
|Nightshade, silverleaf||Solanum elaeagnifolium|
|Popular Name||Scientific Name|
|Coyote brush||Baccharis consanguinea|
|Maple: Red*||Acer rubrum|
|Russian Olive**||Elaeagnus angustifolia|
|Creeper, Virginia*||Parthenocissus quinquefolia|
|Sage: black, white||Salvia spp.|
|Aspen, quaking||Populus tremuloides|
|Sagebrush, California||Artemisia californica|
|Balsam apple*||Momordica charantia|
|Monkey Flower*||Mimulus guttatus|
|Bearmat (Bearclover)||Chamaebatia foliolosa|
|Oak: Black*||Quercus velutina|
|Salt Cedar||Tamarixs spp.|
|Northern Pin||Quercus palustris|
|Sweet potato, wild*||Ipomoea pandurata|
|Southern Red||Quercus falcate|
|Sumac: Poison*||Rhus vernix|
|Broom: French||Cytisus monspessulanus|
|Buckwheat, California*||Eriogonum fasciculatum|
|Holly, Florida/Brazilian Peppertree*||Schinus terebinthifolius|
|Poison Ivy||Rhus radicans|
|Poison Oak||Rhus toxicodendron|
|Tallowtree, Chinese||Sapium sebiferum|
|Hornbean, American*||Carpinus caroliniana|
|Poplar, Yellow*||Liriodendron tulipifera|
|Tan Oak||Lithocarpus densiflorus|
|Locust, black*||Robinia pseudoacacia|
|Redbud, eastern||Cercis canadensis|
|Tobacco, tree*||Nicotiana glauca|
|Cherry: Bitter||Prunus emarginata|
|Rose, multiflora||Rosa multiflora|
|Waxmyrtle, southern*||Myrica cerifera|
* Partial Control
** This product is not registered in California for use on Russian olive
Where to buy RM43 Herbicide
You can buy RM43 Herbicide from various agricultural supply stores or online retailers. The RM43 Herbicide price is around $80-$100 for a bottle of 1 gallon.
If you have any questions about RM43 herbicide that this article doesn’t answer, please don’t hesitate to ask in the comments below. I’ll do my best to answer your questions as quickly as possible.
– U.S. Environmental Protection Agency / epa.gov